One size does not fit all, particularly as it relates to genetic disposition to wrinkles, dry versus oily skin, and pore size. Skincare is incredibly personal as the needs and chemistry of each individual is different and they change with age.
What works for one individual may not be right for you. Therefore, a customized skin care routine is essential to optimally taking care of your skin and getting the best results from your products.
Before developing a customized skincare routine, it is important to know your skin type. Normal, oily, dry, and combination are the four basic types. Each requires a different treatment to achieve healthy-looking skin.
As it relates to appearance, this is the least problematic type. It has a balanced level of moisture, good elasticity, and color tone. It requires minimal care; to maintain a healthy glow, all that is needed is using a gentle cleanser to wash your face at night.
This type of skin is the most prone to acne and it typically looks shiny or greasy. In addition, oily skin is characterized by blackheads on the nose and enlarged pores. Those with oily skin should keep the consumption of carbohydrates at a minimum and avoid touching your face. Additionally, you should exfoliate regularly and use a cleanser both in the morning and at night.
The wind, sun, and other elements easily agitate dry skin. In addition, dry skin feels flaky, itchy, and rough. Other than washing your face in the morning and at night, you should use a moisturizer with sunscreen daily. It should be reapplied often when a lot of time is spent outdoors. Individuals with dry skin typically develop wrinkles sooner than their counterparts, frequently applying moisturizer can help to prevent this.
This is the most common skin type. It is characterized by normal skin on the jaw line and cheeks and patches of oily skin on the forehead and nose. Use a gentle cleanser twice daily, paying specific attention to the zones where oil builds up. Sunscreen is also important.
Factors Affecting Your Skin
Along with these four basic types of skin, there are other skin factors you might have to deal with, based on your genetics, age, and overall health. Below are four skin factors that affect the method and product you should use to care for your skin:
Many individuals have sensitive skin and using certain skin care products cause it to become itchy, dry, and easily irritated. This type of skin requires specialized care with cleansers specifically made to not irritate the skin.
Aging skin becomes more sensitive, has less elasticity and is prone to wrinkles. As such, using moisturizer religiously is more vital for aging skin. Sunscreen is also necessary when venturing outdoors for extended periods.
Pigmented skin is typically more resilient than others. However, there are skin care products that cause irritation and hyperpigmentation. Therefore, it is important to look for products made specifically for your physiology.
Many individuals get breakouts during only a particular time of the month. During puberty, you are most susceptible to cyclic acne.